IP had an explosion at the mill on January 22. The mill has started full production the first week of April....Algae had started growing on walls during limited production but has since died.....Since IP has started back up, there is less foam but water is dirtier...All algae which was growing on walls has died . .....There is not enough dilution of IP's toxic effluent as 90% of the trees have died in the wetlands.....In the meantime, their discharges continue to kill life in Perdido Bay.....The paper mill solids settle out throughout Perdido Bay and cause low dissolved oxygen and metal contamination..... In a questionnaire to our members, the majority think Perdido Bay is in worse shape than in past years... International Paper has filed its application to renew its permit....IP's effluent has been found to be toxic to water flea reproduction.....IP is not meeting standards in the wetlands just as its didn't meet standards in Elevenmile Creek.....Dioxins, PCBs and Furans are present in paper mill sludges.... They come from blowdown from the scrubbers on the air stacks.... Will the Florida DEP issue another permit to pollute Perdido Bay?......We will see
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Photos of algae in 1988 - too many nutrients

Pollution of Perdido Bay by the papermill

2017 pictures of pollution

2016 pictures of pollution

2015 pictures of pollution

2014 pictures of pollution

2013 pictures of pollution

2012 pictures of pollution

2011 pictures of pollution

2010 pictures of pollution

2009 pictures of pollution

2008 pictures of pollution

Photo Page

More Photos

Favorite Links

A short history of Perdido Bay

PB 2004 Bacteria Report

PB 2005 Bacteria Report

PB 2006 Bacteria Report

PB 2007 Bacteria Report

PB 2008 Bacteria Report

PB 2009 Bacteria Report

PB 2010 Bacteria Report

PB 2011 Bacteria Report

PB 2012 Bacteria Report

PB 2013 Bacteria Report

PB 2014 Bacteria Report

PB 2015 Bacteria Report

PB 2016 Bacteria Report

Documents Page

Bacteriological Survey of Perdido watershed

Dioxin in Perdido Bay

Environmental Survey of Perdido Watershed

IP's reports sent to DEP on pipeline project

Pictures of Perdido River

Grass beds in tributary of Perdido Bay show herbicidal effects of International Papers effluent. The chlorophyll and chloroplasts have been damaged and the fronds are red. Light appears to enhance the problem as the base of the fronds are green. Click to see 2-toned grass bed plants. Click to see more red fronds.

Graph of Chemical Oxygen demand in pounds per day since 2013.

Graph of Toxic chemicals released by IP in pounds per year from 2006 to 2015.

Various government agencies report that there were never any grassbeds in upper Perdido Bay. This is not true. In 1990, Fish and Wildlife did a report on seagrasses in Perdido Bay from aerial photos.
Click for part of report

The Florida DEP has adopted nutrient limits for Perdido Bay. They are very high - 1.27 mg/l for Total Nitrogen in the Upper Bay and Total Phosphorus of 0.102 mg/l. The limits do not match the supporting documents. WHY? Click for the Supporting document

Making soap at the papermill is a byproduct of paper making. This is why we see so much foam and scum on Perdido Bay. The fats in pine trees combine with the alkali in the cooking liquor to make soap. A certain amount of this is extracted as Tall Oil. 70 pounds of tall oil are extracted for each ton of pulp produced. Click for information on Tall Oil

A new threat to the water quality in Perdido Bay has arisen. Bayou Marcus waste water treatment plant is increasing its discharge to wetlands which drain into Perdido Bay. Studies have shown that there will be a net increase in nutrients entering Perdido Bay from this sewage. Click to read the permit for Bayou Marcus

The new 2017 draft SWIM plan for Perdido Bay is out.Click for draft document

Perdido Bay makes up the border between Florida and Alabama. Perdido Bay encompasses an area of about 50 square miles with the state line running approximately down the centerline of the bay. It has an elongated shape which lies along a northeast-southwest axis. Perdido Bay is relatively shallow in the Upper part near the mouth of the Perdido River but gets deeper toward the Gulf of Mexico

The Perdido River provides most of the fresh water (>70%) for Perdido Bay. The Perdido River is a Florida outstanding water and the water quality in the upper Perdido River is considered to be very good. On a Sunday afternoon, sitting in the river on a lawn chair is refreshing. Click for visual image. The Perdido Bay watershed covers 1205 square miles which is considered large for a small bay. The Upper part of Perdido Bay and to some extent lower Perdido Bay are polluted with wastes from a paper mill, now owned by International Paper Company. See the photo pages and pollution page on the left.

If you wish to join Friends of Perdido Bay Click to download form

A member who passed away recently remembered how bountiful and beautiful Perdido Bay was.
Click for her words